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What is a metabolic reaction? science behind it

Written by hana

Metabolism is one of the most important functions of the body. It is something that every person on the planet needs because it supports our basic life force.

Metabolic reactions occur in our body every moment, whether we are sitting or sleeping. Therefore, it is essential to understand everything that is going on in one’s body to efficiently determine if there is a problem.

Metabolism It is the sum of the chemical reactions involved in maintaining the living conditions of the cells of any living organism. All living things require energy to keep their cells functioning.

Metabolic processes aid in growth and reproduction, help maintain the structures of organisms, and enable organisms to respond to their environments. All chemical reactions within living organisms—from digestion to intracellular transport—require energy.

Read more: Improve your metabolism with easy strategies

In this regard, metabolic reactions are the biochemical reactions that convert food into energy in our body and its cells. To reiterate, our bodies require this energy to be able to do anything, such as think, grow, or move.

Our bodies contain certain proteins that control chemical reactions. However, these reactions do not necessarily occur in isolation. Instead, thousands of metabolic reactions occur simultaneously to maintain the healthy and functioning properties of our cells. The body regulates all of these reactions.

After we eat, our digestive system uses enzymes to break down proteins into amino acids, fats into fatty acids, and carbohydrates into simple sugars like glucose. Then, when our bodies need energy, they use sugars, amino acids, and fatty acids. Finally, these compounds are absorbed into our bloodstream and transported directly to the cells.

When they enter their own cells, other enzymes regulate the chemical reactions needed to metabolize these compounds. During these processes, energy is released from compounds for use by the body or stored in body tissues, such as the liver, muscles, and body fat.

It is important to note that the metabolic interactions are complementary yet sensitive. It takes a big balancing act, which involves two reactions happening at the same time.


Metabolism is also known as constructive metabolism because it is about building and storing things. It helps grow new cells, maintain body tissues, and store energy for future use.

In this reaction, small molecules are changed into more extensive and complex molecules of carbohydrates, fats, and protein.


Catabolism, also known as destructive metabolism, is a process that produces the energy needed for all types of activity in cells.

For example, it helps cells break down large molecules, such as fats and carbohydrates, to allow energy to be released. It, in turn, produces fuel for metabolism, which heats the body and then allows the body’s muscles to contract and move.

HealthifyMe note

In conclusion, there are two types of metabolic reactions that take place in our body: anabolic reactions and catabolic reactions. Anabolic reactions use energy to build complex molecules from simpler molecules, while catabolic reactions break down complex molecules into simpler molecules that release chemical energy.

Metabolic regulation is a process that manages metabolic pathways in humans. All living things need the continuous generation of energy to maintain their operations and functions. In other words, we need it to survive.

So, how do we increase metabolism? You can organize it with the help of the following:

  • Maintain a healthy body: To be fit and healthy, one must limit calorie intake and lose excess weight. Individuals eat to provide their bodies with energy to perform all functions. However, eating too much or too little can make the body unfit, slowing down the metabolic reactions that provide the body with energy.
  • Fight fatigue: Eat a protein-rich breakfast to boost your body’s metabolism. It will keep one active all day long. Individuals who do not eat their morning meals tend to have poor energy metabolism.
  • Caffeine stimulates the central nervous system and thus can also revitalize your metabolic rate by up to 8%.
  • Fiber should be an essential part of your diet. Fiber helps burn fat by at least 30%. Moreover, people who add more fiber to their daily routine and diet stay healthy.


Metabolic reactions are whatever your body’s metabolism does. Metabolism is a vital, integrated process that underpins everything we do and perform.

It gives us energy even to think! Therefore, we must do everything we can to ensure that our bodies perform this process properly. However, if you suspect serious health issues affecting your metabolism, please consult a medical professional before taking any action.

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