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All you need to know – HealthifyMe

Written by hana

Eating a banana or a baked potato with its skin on will provide you with a good dose of potassium. However, high potassium levels can upset your electrolyte levels if you have impaired kidney function or chronic kidney disease. This is when your healthcare professional will recommend a low potassium diet.

If your doctor recommends a low potassium diet, incorporating low potassium foods from each food group will help you stay healthy.

Understanding a Low Potassium Diet

Hyperkalemia is a condition in which there is excess potassium in the blood. In such cases, doctors may suggest a low potassium diet. It is one of the first treatments, and is defined as a dietary intake of potassium between 2,000 and 3,000 mg/day.

Potassium is ubiquitous in most meals. But if you are on a diet that limits your potassium intake, you should avoid potassium-rich foods. You should also avoid consuming large amounts of any potassium-containing beverage. Even small amounts can raise potassium levels in your body quickly.

A low potassium diet is essential, especially when diagnosing chronic kidney disease (CKD). Sometimes you need to follow this diet for the long term, other times you will only need to follow it for a short time. It is therefore essential to see your doctor regularly to review your diet. Remember that you are not aiming to avoid all foods that contain potassium. By subscribing to HealthifyMe, you can get proper instructions on making simple and effective diet changes.

HealthifyMe Note

A registered dietitian or dietitian can help create a low potassium meal plan based on height and weight. The key is to choose foods that are low in potassium, when possible, but not completely eliminate the food group.

food to eat

You can incorporate a range of nutrient-rich foods with low potassium levels into your diet. Listed below are a few of them:

protein

Potassium is abundant in the majority of animal and plant proteins. Some food sources that are low in potassium and high in protein include:

  • chicken
  • egg white
  • fish
  • Peanut Butter
  • tofu
  • edamame

vegetables

Fresh produce is usually high in potassium, and raw vegetables are very high in potassium. You need to limit your intake or boil it to reduce its potassium content for a low potassium diet. You can also use many vegetables from cans as long as they are rinsed and dried. A few are listed below:

  • alfalfa sprouts
  • asparagus
  • Bean
  • Cabbage, green and red
  • cooked carrots
  • cauliflower
  • celery
  • corn
  • Cucumber
  • eggplant
  • Onions
  • parsley
  • Green Peas
  • Pepper
  • radish

legumes

Look for rice cereal or bread made with refined flour rather than whole grain and bran. White rice and pasta made with refined white flour work on a low potassium diet.

the fruit

Some fruits that are low in potassium are:

  • apple
  • apricot
  • blackberries
  • cherry
  • grapes
  • Orange and tangerine
  • Peache
  • pineapple
  • plum
  • watermelon

dairy

You may be able to eat a modest amount of milk or yogurt each day. However, below we list some low potassium dairy products.

  • skimmed milk
  • Cowardice
  • pure milk

Drinks

Dehydration can throw off the electrolyte balance in the body and cause hyperkalemia. Water is the best option for staying hydrated. However, fresh lime juice, juice produced from low-potassium fruit, and frozen fruit puree are also good drinks.

Foods to avoid

Almost all foods contain potassium, so the only way out is to choose foods that are low in potassium.

Foods that contain high levels of potassium are:

the fruit

The following fruits have a higher potassium content:

  • avocado
  • banana
  • mango
  • kiwi
  • peach
  • pomegranate
  • orange
  • papaya

vegetables

  • cooked cauliflower
  • Football
  • Chinese cabbage
  • raw carrots
  • Vegetables other than turnip
  • Potato
  • cooked pumpkin
  • Tomatoes
  • spinach
  • white mushroom

dairy

A low potassium diet requires you to avoid or limit the consumption of the following dairy products.

  • condensed milk
  • Dry milk
  • evaporated milk

protein

Stay away from processed meats with potassium-containing additives such as sausage, bacon, and lunch meats. When cooking meat, drain the liquids and avoid using them to make sauces or gravies.

candies

Sweets that are high in potassium often contain nuts, juice, and chocolate, among other ingredients. So care must be taken when choosing cookies, pastries and ice cream.

You should avoid the following sweets and snacks:

  • Biscuits containing nuts / chocolate / dried fruits
  • Candy
  • Licorice
  • sesame snacks
  • Died
  • All standard chocolate bars
  • Sweets containing evaporated or condensed milk / nuts / dried fruits

HealthifyMe Note

Foods with more than 200 mg of potassium per serving should be avoided. The foods with the highest concentrations of potassium are healthy, but if your kidneys can’t tolerate potassium, they aren’t healthy for you. Also, reduce your portion size because potassium can build up quickly if you eat a large portion.

Measure the serving size when calculating the amount of potassium in a food. For example, a large serving of low-potassium foods may contain more potassium than a small serving of potassium-rich foods. In addition, your height and weight determine the range of servings you need in a low potassium meal plan.

Examples of these plans include:

breakfast

  • Oatmeal: half a cup
  • Blueberries: 1 cup
  • Egg whites: 2

mid morning

lunch

  • White rice: 1 cup
  • Curry peas: half a cup
  • Cucumber salad: half a cup

Evening snacks

  • Digestive biscuits: 2
  • Herbal tea: 1 cup

Dinner

  • Roti: 3
  • Chicken curry: half a cup
  • Broccoli salad: half a cup

Benefits of eating low potassium foods

Healthy potassium levels are essential because they keep your heart, muscles, and nerves working at their best. A low potassium diet benefits people with certain medical disorders, including heart or kidney problems.

The benefits of potassium-restricted diets for certain groups of people, such as dialysis patients with kidney disease, have been the subject of much research. However, there is conflicting information regarding the effectiveness of following a strict low potassium diet because it is unclear whether the body processes all dietary sources of potassium (plant and animal) equally. But since there are no other nutritional treatments for hyperkalemia, most researchers believe that low potassium diets should work positively for the body.

Cooking tips for a low potassium diet

Washing can lower the amount of potassium in some vegetables. It is the process of soaking raw or frozen vegetables in water for at least two hours before cooking. The filtration helps pull some of the potassium from the soaked foods into the water.

Some other cooking tips to follow are:

  • Peel vegetables with the skins (such as potatoes, carrots, beets, and turnips) before slicing them. Rinse the cut vegetables with warm water.
  • Soak vegetables for two hours or overnight in warm, unsalted water.
  • Choose peppers, herbs and spices to flavor the dishes. Do not use salt substitutes because they come from potassium salts.

conclusion

Reducing your potassium intake will be essential to your daily routine if you have kidney disease. A low potassium diet can support the health of your kidneys, but only when doctors tell you to do so. The average person with a healthy body does not need to follow a low potassium diet. Always make an effort to include a balanced meal. By discovering a balanced meal with low potassium intake and using your culinary skills, you can learn how to enjoy the best meals without the risk of potassium buildup.

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hana

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