Glucose is the body’s primary energy source, and blood is the carrier of glucose to all tissues. Therefore, understanding and knowing blood glucose levels is essential for everyone. Glucose is the energy source that fuels every reaction in the body. Therefore, everyone needs to maintain blood sugar levels at an optimum level. Any imbalance can lead to metabolic disorders and chronic diseases in the long run.
Your blood sugar level rises after you eat and the continued increase may vary depending on the type of food you eat. Blood sugar levels depend on several factors. For example, it depends on your biological clock, the food you eat, and activity levels throughout the day. Doctors usually ask people with diabetes to measure their blood sugar levels frequently as this helps them regulate their blood sugar levels. However, non-diabetics should also monitor their blood sugar levels. Also, if you are not diabetic, you will likely not be aware of the importance of using a glucometer and checking your blood sugar level. In such a case, these tests may seem like daunting tasks.
To facilitate the process, HealthifyMe has introduced HealthifyMe Pro 2.0, with its five-pronged approach to improving an individual’s overall health. The package comes with a CGM continuous glucose monitor, professional coaches input, calorie counter, metabolic panel tester with approximately 80 parameters, and a weight scale. The continuous glucose monitor tracks your glucose level in real time and assesses the effect of food, drinks or exercise on your blood glucose levels. Accordingly, professional trainers guide you to make adjustments to the diet. The goal is to track, evaluate, and change lifestyle habits. These subtle changes will greatly improve your health. Hence, HealthifyMe pro 2.0 is a convenient one-time investment that can make you feel fit and well.
Dysglycemia refers to an imbalance in blood glucose levels. These abnormalities include hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, and impaired fasting glucose levels. It is necessary to know glucose metabolism to understand this further.
Glucose is the primary polysaccharide that affects blood sugar. Glucose is a simple sugar that provides energy to major organs. But, as simple as it sounds, the mechanism for breaking down sugar in the body is complex. It depends on the hormone insulin released by the pancreas. Glucose and insulin are antagonists to each other, as insulin counteracts the level of glucose in the blood. For example, if you consume more carbohydrates, your blood glucose level may rise. But to combat that, the pancreas produces more insulin, which leads to lower glucose levels.
These mechanisms keep blood glucose levels under control. However, in case of an irregular mechanism, you may experience an imbalance in glucose levels. Therefore, if the blood sugar level is high, it can lead to hyperglycemia in severe cases. On the other hand, when levels are too low, it is associated with hypoglycemia.
An increase or decrease in the level of sugar in the blood for a long time leads to some bad effects on the body. These can be chronic disorders that can be fatal if not treated in time.
Increase diabetes level in the blood
Hyperglycemia is elevated blood sugar levels (120-180 mg/dL). This is due to lower insulin levels, insulin resistance, or increased glucose consumption.
Symptoms of high blood sugar
- Frequent urination / urination
- skin infections
- Weight loss
- hyperventilation حالة
- fast heartbeat
High blood sugar can lead to diabetes if not treated.
lack of blood sugar
You have hypoglycemia when your glucose level falls below 70 mg/dL.
Symptoms of low blood sugar
The role of glucose monitoring in dysglycemia
Hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia lead to serious consequences. To prevent these conditions, you must maintain healthy levels of glucose and insulin in your body. Glucose levels depend on food, physical exercise, mental health, and hormones. How the body reacts to these factors may differ from one individual to another because everyone is different. So, what may work for you may not work for someone else. Hence, you need to keep track of your glucose levels to know what works for you.
Any imbalance in your blood glucose levels may affect your daily performance. In addition, it can affect your metabolic health significantly. Therefore, it is wise to regularly test and regulate your blood sugar levels to prevent chronic disease by changing your diet, water intake, and activity levels.
Normal range of blood glucose levels
- Fasting blood glucose level (night fasting: 10-14 hours): 70-110 mg/dL
- Postprandial (postprandial): less than 140 mg/dL
- Random blood glucose level: 70-140 mg/dL
These are the three ways to assess blood sugar levels. Although performing the tests may vary, the normal range is the same.
Signs of an imbalance in the blood sugar level
The sensations of the human body are a magical indicator of everything that is happening inside the body. Similarly, the body shows a slight imbalance in the blood sugar level through symptoms/signs. These are signs the body is fighting the condition. Through these signs, you can easily diagnose the condition and treat it accordingly. Symptoms are:
Sudden weight gain can be an important sign of an imbalance in your blood sugar level. It is all related to the insulin levels in your body. When there is excess weight and insulin resistance, cells lose their ability to transport glucose to major organs. As a result, glucose is stored in the body. As a result, the pancreas produces more insulin, and the vicious cycle continues. Because of this, the cells of the pancreas are depleted, which leads to a decrease in insulin production.
Your organs don’t get enough oxygen, there’s no insulin control, glucose rises, and if fat builds up around visceral organs like the abdomen, it leads to severe conditions like diabetes. Studies show that obesity and blood sugar level are directly related.
Although weight gain is the primary sign of an imbalance in glucose levels, many other symptoms seem insignificant. However, they are equally important. These signs appear when there is a prolonged rise in the blood sugar level.
- Frequent urination / urination
- Dehydration / increased thirst
- Stomach ache
- blurred vision
- Hunger pangs/sugar cravings
- lack of concentration
- Infections and infections
When there is low blood sugar level, you may experience the following symptoms.
- trembling hand
- higher pulse
- Mood Swings
These symptoms are a wake-up call to check and regulate glucose levels in the body. Ignoring them will lead to dire consequences.
Causes of an imbalance in the blood sugar level
The signs or symptoms of an imbalance in the blood sugar level may be the same, but it is important to know the underlying causes. Identifying the causes makes it easier to prevent disorders as you can change your lifestyle. These are the main causes of an imbalance in the blood sugar level.
Each of us follows a different diet. Thus, disorders related to blood sugar levels affect only a part of the population. A specific diet cannot be the all-inclusive diet, as everyone differs in weight, height, basal metabolic rate, and ability to take in food and water.
A diet full of carbohydrates like rice, sweets and all kinds of bread will increase your blood sugar level. If you have been following a diet like this for a few years, your blood sugar level will rise permanently, resulting in severe conditions. On the other hand, a balanced diet contains the right amount of fats, proteins, vitamins and carbohydrates. Remember that consuming the right amount of water and eating a balanced diet is vital.
lack of activity
Even if you have planned a perfect diet according to your body, just following the diet will not maintain your glucose levels. Studies show that people who run or walk have better glucose control than those who sit and work for several hours. After about 24 hours of activity, your blood glucose levels will drop. Thus, people with high glucose levels should do more exercise.
Unhealthy lifestyle habits
An improper sleep schedule along with an increased workload and stress will lead to an imbalance in the blood sugar level. Sleeping for proper hours will solve many health problems. Your body restores hormone levels while you sleep. Thus, you will feel energized in the morning as glucose levels reach your cells after rest.
Apart from these main reasons, there are several others which are:
- PCOS: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
- The menstrual cycle: premenstrual syndrome
- Vitamin D deficiency
- Decreased insulin production
- Micronutrient deficiency
- High level of caffeine
- weather conditions
Treatment / tips for blood sugar disorder
Although the treatment of an imbalance in the blood sugar level requires advice and attention from a doctor, it is possible to control blood sugar levels with lifestyle changes. These methods may work if you discover the imbalance at an early stage. The tips are:
- A balanced diet that contains fiber, whole grains, and healthy fats
- Sleep for 7-8 hours
- Inclusion of vitamin supplements (doctor’s advice required)
- Inclusion of micronutrients
- De-stress after a busy day
- amount of water
- Reducing caffeine intake
- Cardio/walking exercises
Besides, eating inappropriate meals, such as a hearty dinner and a light breakfast, will affect your blood glucose levels. Sudden increase will lead to fluctuation. Therefore, you should consume balanced meals a day. You can reduce the amount you consume, but not the frequency of meals.
Methods for testing blood glucose levels
With improved technology, methods for testing glucose levels have been simplified. The basic and approved methods of glucose testing are:
- Blood glucose meter/glucometer
- Continuous blood glucose monitor
- A1C . test
- urine test
Testing and monitoring your blood glucose levels regularly can save you from chronic, long-term disorders such as hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia. In addition, a balanced blood sugar level will make you feel energized and keep you metabolically active. There are several ways to check blood glucose levels, among which a stationary blood glucose monitor is the most accurate and easily accessible.
From the above points, it is clear that we must regulate blood sugar levels regardless of the presence or absence of diabetes. Blood sugar levels can affect our lives more than any content in our blood. Increased levels can lead to insulin resistance and pancreatic failure, while low levels can lead to seizures and fatigue in extreme cases.
You can control your blood sugar levels by changing your food and water intake and activity levels. These major changes will not show immediate results but will positively affect the metabolic health of your body.