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What is the effect of apples on blood glucose – HealthifyMe

Written by hana

Apples are a popular sweet and crunchy food that may satisfy your appetite and provide the body with the nutrients needed to function. They are delicious and healthy foods to add to your diet regardless of whether you have diabetes. This amazing fort will slightly affect your blood sugar because it contains carbohydrates in the form of sugar. However, since apples have a low glycemic index, they distribute sugar in the blood circulation gradually, avoiding an abnormal rise in blood sugar levels.

There has been a misconception that apples raise blood sugar levels due to their sugar content. However, tracking blood glucose has helped debunk such myths. Glucose monitoring is especially vital for people with conditions such as blood pressure and diabetes. However, the old method of monitoring glucose levels requires a glucometer which requires a finger prick to extract a drop from the blood and check blood sugar levels. But technology and innovation are changing the way healthcare works now.

A wearable device called a BIOS can be an excellent way to track your blood glucose in real time. With a device attached to your body, usually your arms, you can measure your blood glucose levels continuously and quickly. The sensor on the device monitors your blood glucose levels in real time and helps you see the effect of food, drinks or exercise on your blood glucose levels. For example, you can monitor your blood glucose levels from the first dose to the last sip of water. Monitoring your glucose can help make decisions about what to eat and how to exercise. Therefore, the device can tell you the effect of an apple on your blood sugar levels. It can also help you decide how much to consume and the correct time to take it.

Debunking myths about fruits and diabetes

Fruits are rich in phytochemicals, antioxidants, and fiber, all of which have many positive health benefits. Unfortunately, research reveals that despite the widely recognized health benefits of eating fresh fruit, people with diabetes generally do not consider fruit to be safe, due to its high sugar content. Contrary to this belief, studies have demonstrated that increased fruit consumption is beneficial for the primary and secondary prevention of many chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes.

The common myth about fruit being bad for diabetes comes from the generalization that all fruits cause problems due to their sugar content. However, when making such an assumption, you must take into account the glycemic index or pregnancy. It represents the quality and quantity of carbohydrates in a fruit which can vary greatly for different fruits.

Research shows a strong association between increased consumption of whole fruit and a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, especially in the case of blueberries, grapes and apples. This is due to the low glycemic index of this fruit and its high digestive fiber, antioxidant, nutritional and phytochemical contents that fight diabetes.

HealthifyMe Note

It is necessary to refrain from believing in the myths that the fruit is unhealthy for regulating blood sugar and can lead to a sudden spike. On the contrary, the fruit is an excellent source for regulating blood sugar without causing significant damage. Moreover, they are a healthy source of glucose and can help stabilize blood sugar levels in the body.

apple nutritional value

It contains vitamins, dietary fiber, antioxidants and other minerals. With diabetes, it is essential to keep track of macronutrients such as carbohydrates and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) as they affect blood sugar. Therefore, it is necessary to know the nutritional content of apples and why they are friendly to diabetes. According to the USDA, about 100 grams of raw apples with the skin on contain:

  • Calories: 52 calories
  • Protein: 0.26 grams
  • Sugars: 10.4 g
  • Carbs: 13.8 grams
  • Fiber: 2.4 grams
  • Fat: 0.17 g
  • Potassium: 107 mg
  • Phosphorous: 11 mg
  • Calcium: 6 mg
  • Magnesium: 5 mg

Apples are a rich source of phytochemicals. According to research, consuming the nutrients in apples reduces the risk of diabetes due to the presence of many phytochemicals in apples. For example, apples contain powerful antioxidants, quercetin, catechin, fluoridzine, and chlorogenic acid. The phytochemical content of apples varies greatly between apple species, and modest changes in phytochemicals occur with fruit ripening and ripening. However, these phytochemicals are essential in the fight against diabetes.

Apples and the Glycemic Index

Regulating blood sugar levels is vital in preventing diabetes. The glycemic index classifies foods that contain carbohydrates into groups based on how likely they are to cause your blood sugar to rise. Compared to foods with a low glycemic index value, foods with a high glycemic index are more likely to cause a significant rise in blood sugar levels. Since apples have a low glycemic index, many studies support the consumption of apples for diabetic patients.

Apples have a low glycemic index for two reasons. First, apples contain polyphenols, which are plant substances known to prevent type 2 diabetes. According to research, polyphenols slow the absorption of sugar into the bloodstream, which reduces the sharp rise in blood sugar. Second, fructose, which has little effect on blood sugar, makes up most of the sugar in apples. Thus, many prefer to replace table sugar with fruit-derived sugar such as fructose to reduce blood sugar.

Apple health benefits

Apples are a super nutritious food for everyone, not just diabetics. It helps prevent and treat many diseases, including diabetes, because it contains many nutrients. Here are some of the excellent health benefits of apples that make them a healthy addition to your diet.

Rich in nutrients

Apples are full of many nutrients. According to the USDA, about 100 grams of raw apples are a rich source of several essential vitamins, minerals and micronutrients.

Apples are a great source of vitamins and minerals. The fruit contains vitamins E, B1 and B6. Vitamin E is vital for growth and development, Vitamin B6 is essential for protein metabolism, and Vitamin E acts as a fat-soluble antioxidant. Apples are also rich in antioxidants called polyphenols. These protect cells from free radicals and protect them at the cellular and molecular level.

Reduces the risk of diabetes

Consuming apples is not only safe for people with diabetes but can also prevent the disease. Apple consumption reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes. According to a research review, eating apples and pears was associated with an 18% lower incidence of type 2 diabetes. Additionally, a weekly dose of one can reduce the risk by 3%. This positive effect may be due to the high antioxidants (quercetin and fluoridzine polyphenols). The anti-inflammatory properties of quercetin may reduce insulin resistance, which is a significant risk factor for developing diabetes. Phloridzin may also decrease the absorption of sugar in the intestines, resulting in lower blood sugar levels and a lower chance of developing diabetes.

Helps lose weight

Recent studies have proven that a diet rich in fiber helps to lose weight. A high-fiber diet keeps the stomach full for longer, which greatly reduces overeating. A diet full of protein also keeps food cravings at bay, and apples contain a reasonable amount of fiber and protein, making them suitable for weight loss.

heart friendly

Consuming apples reduces the risk of heart disease because apples contain soluble fiber, which can lower cholesterol levels. In addition, some polyphenol compounds such as the flavonoid epicatechin may reduce blood pressure. Studies also show that high consumption of flavonoids reduces the risk of stroke. In addition, flavonoids reduce plaque formation in the arteries, reduce blood pressure, oxidation of harmful cholesterol, and atherosclerosis. As a result, it can help prevent heart disease.

Promotes gut health

Apples contain pectin, a form of fiber that acts as a prebiotic. It feeds the beneficial bacteria in your stomach, known as your gut microbiota. Gut bacteria contribute significantly to your overall health due to their role in various health and disease prevention processes.

Better health often depends on your gut health. Pectin enters the colon intact because dietary fiber is difficult to digest, which helps the growth of beneficial bacteria. In addition, it clearly enhances the ratio of solids to bacteria, the two main types of bacteria in your gut.

Cancer prevention

The antioxidants present in apples protect against certain malignant tumors, such as those of the gastrointestinal tract, breast and lung. Additionally, according to one study, eating more apples was associated with a lower chance of dying from cancer. The ability of apples to fight cancer is also due to their high fiber content.

It can help treat asthma

The antioxidant properties in apples help protect your lungs from oxidative damage. Oxidative damage can be caused by the abundance of dangerous chemicals known as free radicals. Your body may react via infections and allergies as a result. The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant quercetin, which is abundant in apple peel, can help protect the immune system and reduce inflammation. This makes apples useful against reactions in the late stages of bronchial asthma. Similarly, additional elements found in apples, such as proanthocyanidins, may reduce or stop allergic airway inflammation for asthma.

Healthy ways to eat apples

  • You can eat apples as a fresh fruit or cut an apple into slices and put it in a salad with vegetables and nuts.
  • You can also eat apples as a dessert by eating apple slices with a spoonful of your favorite nut butter.

Quantity and timing are important

Make sure to stick to one medium-sized apple as larger portions have a higher glycemic load. You will also need to space your fruit daily to stabilize your blood sugar levels. Furthermore, avoid prepackaged applesauce and dried apples and eat fresh, whole apples. Processed fruit can have less fiber and higher sugar content.

Eat the apple with the peel

Try to consume an apple with its skin on because research shows that apple peel contains the most fiber, minerals, and antioxidants. Removing it will reduce the overall nutritional benefits that you may reap from eating an apple.

Consume fresh fruit instead of drinking apple juice

According to studies, fruit juice can cause an increased risk of diabetes compared to consuming fresh fruit. Fruit juices have a higher concentration of sugar and less fiber than fresh fruit. As a result, it can cause a sharp rise in blood sugar. Therefore, it is better to eat apples instead of drinking apple juice to reap the maximum benefits.

HealthifyMe Note

Apples have many health benefits other than just regulating blood sugar. For example, apples help prevent asthma and cancer and help lose weight. Eating the right amount at the right time is very important. One of the best ways to eat an apple is to eat it raw with the skin on.

Precautions and safety measures


After eating apples, some people may experience an allergic reaction. Anyone experiencing hives, bloating, or breathing problems should consult a doctor immediately. Life-threatening conditions can arise if this develops into anaphylaxis. As a result, it is essential to check to see if you are allergic to apples before including them in your diet.

Monitor blood glucose levels

To see how apples affect you, always check your blood glucose level after eating them. Maintaining a healthy body requires monitoring your blood sugar levels and understanding how different foods affect you. If you are dealing with diabetes, it is also wise to speak with your doctor before adding new items to your diet.


Apples are a great choice for controlling type 2 diabetes and maintaining blood sugar levels. A diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables is recommended by the majority of the Dietary Guidelines for diabetics. Since apples do not raise blood sugar levels quickly, they are one of the safest fruit options for diabetics. In addition, they are rich in nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals that support blood sugar regulation.

Apples are also an excellent food choice for diabetics because they contain fructose, which makes them foods low in sugars, as well as polyphenols and fiber, which slow down the digestion of carbohydrates and lower blood sugar levels. However, before introducing apples into your diet, you must make sure that you are not allergic to them and that you also monitor their effect on the level of glucose in the blood.

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